Weapons of World War Two
Messerschmitt Bf 109E
In December 1965, the Spanish aviation retired definitely a fighter of conventional construction which until the decade of 1950-60 was built by Hispano Aviation. It disappeared so from the scene the last descendant of one of the best fighters of the Second World War: the Messerschmitt Bf 109. And think that when it was born, in 1935, a high officer of the Luftwaffe said that aircraft of a single wing had to be fragile and poorly maneuverable; another wing should be added. And what was that closed cockpit? The hunter needs to feel in the face the wind to estimate well the speed. Without doubt, that prototype would achieve nothing good. However, 35000 exemplars would be built in eight basic versions and it would be used by all the nations of the Axis and some others.
The Me Bf 109 was a monoplane of low irregular wing, of trapezoidal shape, totally coated with sheets of a light alloy, except in the movable surfaces, coated with fabric. The fuselage, of entirely metallic structure, had a body of two parts. The engine installed in the version E, depicted in the illustration, was a Daimler Benz 601, with twelve cylinders in inverted V, which could produce a maximum power of 1000 horsepower. The pilot was protected by some steel sheets of 8 millimeters in thickness and the armored windshield of 65 millimeters in thickness. The landing gear was somewhat fragile, but of satisfying stability.
In its baptism of fire, which took place during the Spanish Civil War, the Me Bf 109 found itself in front of distinctly inferior adversaries, as it would happen again in the campaign of France. During the Battle of Britain, in turn, things changed when it found a worthy antagonist: the Spitfire. It was a hard fight, for both were of a high class. Maybe the Me Bf 109 was slightly faster, but the Spitfire was more maneuverable at high speeds; besides it was at home, while the Messerschmitt had to calculate the necessary fuel for the return travel, which did not allow it to stay more than around half an hour over the British sky.
After the "Adlertag", which ended, as it is well known, with victory for the Royal Air Force, the Me Bf 109 operated in every European sky as diurnal and nocturnal fighter, photographic recognizer, stratosferic fighter, raider and fighter-bomber, fighting to the limit of its forces. After the end of the war it had chance to fight again when, as irony of destiny, one of its postwar models fought in the ranks of the Israeli air forces, along with the Spitfire, against the Arab aircraft.
Entry into service: 1937 (Me Bf 109B); 1939 (Me Bf 109E-3); 1944 (Me Bf 109K-4)
Wingspan: 9.85 meters (Me Bf 109B and Me Bf 109E-3); 9.97 meters (Me Bf 109K-4)
Wing area: 16.17 square meters (Me Bf 109B and Me Bf 109E-3); 16.12 square meters (Me Bf 109K-4)
Length: 8.55 meters (Me Bf 109B); 8.64 meters (Me Bf 109E-3); 8.85 meters (Me Bf 109K-4)
Height: 2.45 meters (Me Bf 109B); 2.50 meters (Me Bf 109E-3 and Me Bf 109K-4)
Full load/Empty weight: 2150/1505 kilograms (Me Bf 109B); 2685/2125 kilograms (Me Bf 109E-3); 3374/2380 kilograms (Me Bf 109K-4)
Payload/Crew: 655 kilograms/1 (Me Bf 109B); 560 kilograms/1 (Me Bf 109E-3); 994 kilograms/1 (Me Bf 109K-4)
Engine (maximum power at sea level): Junkers Jumo 210Da of 720 horsepower (Me Bf 109B); Daimler Benz 601 Aa of 1175 horsepower (Me Bf 109E-3); Daimler Benz 605 ASCM of 2000 horsepower (Me Bf 109K-4)
Time to reach 6000 meters of altitude: 9 minutes 48 seconds (Me Bf 109B); 7 minutes 45 seconds (Me Bf 109E-3); 3 minutes 36 seconds (Me Bf 109K-4)
Maximum speed: 460 kilometers/hour (Me Bf 109B); 560 kilometers/hour (Me Bf 109E-3); 727 kilometers/hour (Me Bf 109K-4)
Service ceiling: 8200 meters (Me Bf 109B); 10500 meters (Me Bf 109E-3); 12500 meters (Me Bf 109K-4)
Defensive armament: Three MG 17 7.92-millimeter machine guns (Me Bf 109B); two MG 17 7.92-millimeter machine guns and two MG FF 20-millimeter cannons (Me Bf 109E-3); one MK 103 30-millimeter cannon and two MG 151/15 15-millimeter cannons (Me Bf 109K-4)
Drop armament: Many variants were fitted with wing or ventral supports for bombs, for a maximum of 500 kilograms (Me Bf 109E-3)
Operational range: 690 kilometers (Me Bf 109B); 664 kilometers (Me Bf 109E-3); 573 kilometers (Me Bf 109K-4)
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