:: HMS WARRIOR (1860) ::

HMS Warrior ironclad (1860) High resolution picture

The HMS Warrior, launched in the last days of 1860, was the first oceanic ironclad of the Royal Navy, besides being the first warship built with an all-iron hull. The HMS Warrior and her twin were built as a response to the French ironclads of the Gloire class. In comparison with those, the Warrior class featured a substantially longer hull (which was possible thanks to the all-iron construction) and a not very different beam and draught. The belt was backed up by 41 centimeters of teak wood, which not only increased the thickness of the armor but allowed to absorb the vibrations caused by impacts, so dangerous for the integrity of the structures.

The HMS Warrior spent her active career serving with the Channel Squadron, until she became obsolescent following the launching in 1871 of the mastless and more capable HMS Devastation. Therefore she was placed in reserve in 1875 and decommissioned in 1883. Subsequently the HMS Warrior served as store ship and depot ship, and in 1904 she was assigned to the torpedo training school of the Royal Navy. On the other hand, her twin HMS Black Prince served with the Channel Squadron until 1896, when she was hulked to be used as a training ship, role which she fulfilled until being sold for scrap in 1923.

The HMS Warrior was converted into an oil jetty in 1927 and, surprisingly, remained in that role until 1979. Then the Royal Navy donated her to the Maritime Trust for restoration. During this process, which lasted for eight years, many of her original features and fittings were either restored or recreated. Once the work was finished the HMS Warrior was returned to Portsmouth, where she serves as a museum ship since 1987. On her dry dock, nowadays the eminent ship exhibits metallic masts instead of the wooden ones that she formerly had.

Class: Warrior (2 units - Black Prince, Warrior)

Type: Ironclad

Length: 128 meters

Beam: 17.8 meters

Draft: 8.2 meters

Displacement (standard): 9284 tonnes

Sail area: 4497 square meters

Propulsion: 1 x shaft, 1 x trunk steam engine, 10 x rectangular boiler, 5267 indicated horsepower

Speed: 14 knots (26 kilometers/hour)

Range: 2100 nautical miles (3900 kilometers) at 11 knots

Complement: 707

Armament: 26 x 68-pound smoothbore muzzle-loading cannon, 10 x 110-pound rifled breech-loading cannon, 4 x 40-pound rifled breech-loading cannon

Armor: 410 millimeters of teak wood in belt, 114 millimeters of iron in belt and bulkheads

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