:: NUMANCIA (1863) ::

Numancia ironclad (1863)

The Numancia was a French-built ironclad launched in 1863, ordered and commissioned by the Spanish Navy. She is considered to be the most important attempt to return Spain to the circle of the main naval powers of the world, lost after the disaster of Trafalgar in 1805. This ship had a long life, for the Spanish Navy of those times could not afford to decommission their ships airily; she participated in every notable event in the naval history of Spain during the last third of the 19th century. Due to her much activity, she was the first ironclad that performed a circumnavigation around the Earth. She was as well the first warship built with an all-iron hull that served in the Spanish Navy. The French shipyards really did a fine work on this ship, for her was technically - or qualitatively - equivalent to the HMS Warrior (the Royal Navy was then the most powerful armada in the world).

In 1910, the military value of this ship was obviously null, so she was kept as a floating battery in Tanger until 1912, when she was decommissioned, after the mutiny started by her crew in 1911, caused by the rotten political situation that Spain was carrying already from the previous century. She ended her days stranded near the coasts of Portugal in the last days of 1916, when she traveled towards the scrapyard in Bilbao; instead, she had to be scrapped in situ, remaining a few leftovers several meters under the sea. A popular movement that had tried to preserve her as a museum ship had failed, depriving Spain for keeping such an interesting ship as a monument.

Class: Numancia (1 unit)

Type: Ironclad

Length: 96.1 meters

Beam: 17.3 meters

Draft: 7.9 meters

Displacement (standard): 7500 tonnes

Sail surface: 1846 square meters

Propulsion: 1 shaft return connecting rod compound steam engine, 3770 hp

Speed: 13 knots (24 km/h)

Range: 3000 nm (5600 km) at 10 knots

Complement: 561

Armament: 40 x 68-pounder smoothbore guns

Armor: 100-130 mm in belt, 120 mm in battery



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