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Armed forces in World War Two - United States


By Sakhal

United States 1942 - Army

Individual weapons - Pistols: Colt M 1911 and 1911 A1 caliber 45
Individual weapons - Rifles: Springfield 1903 caliber 7.62 mm, P 14 caliber 7.7 mm and M 1917 caliber 7.62 mm (a)
Individual weapons - Hand grenades: Mk 1A1, Mk 2, Mk 2A1 defensive, HEAT (b) and M 1917 of smoke

Automatic weapons - Submachine guns: M 1928 A1, M1 and M1A1, all of caliber 45
Automatic weapons - Semiautomatic rifles: M1 Garand and Winchester M1 (c), both of caliber 7.62 mm
Automatic weapons - Automatic rifles: Browning 1918, 1918 A1 and A2 (d), and Johnson M 1941 (d), all of caliber 7.62 mm
Automatic weapons - Machine guns: Browning 1917 A1, M 1919 A4 (e) and A5 (e), all of caliber 7.62 mm

Mortars: M2 caliber 60 mm; M1 and Brandt caliber 81 mm

Antitank weapons - Light: Cannon M3 caliber 37 mm and rocket launcher "Bazooka" M1 caliber 60 mm
Antitank weapons - Heavy: When entering the war, United States had no serially produced heavy antitank weapons
Antitank weapons - Motorized: When entering the war, United States had no serially produced motorized antitank weapons

Cannons: Cannons M1A2 caliber 37 mm (e), M1 caliber 40 mm, M3 caliber 75 mm (e), M97 A4 caliber 75 mm, M2 caliber 90 mm (e), M1 caliber 120 mm (e) and M1 caliber 155 mm; howitzers M1 caliber 75 mm, M2A1 caliber 105 mm and M1 caliber 155 mm

Armored vehicles: M1 of 10 t, M2 and M2A2 of 10 t, M3 Stuart of 12.3 t and M3 Grant of 25 t

Chemical weapons - Flamethrowers: M2A2 backpack and for armored vehicles

(a) Derived from the modified P 14.
(b) Antitank fired from rifle.
(c) Carbine.
(d) Of semiautomic and automatic fire.
(e) Also in version for tanks.
(f) Antiaircraft.

United States 1942 - Navy

Battleships: 3 class New Mexico of 33400 t (b), 2 class Pennsylvania of 33100 t (a), 2 class California of 32600 t (c), 2 class Nevada of 29000 t, 2 class Texas of 27000 t and 1 class Arkansas of 26100 t

Aircraft carriers: 2 class Lexington of 33000 t, 2 class Yorktown of 19900 t (e), 1 class Ranger of 14500 t and Langley of 11050 t (d)

Cruisers: 1 class Wichita of 10000 t, 2 class Indianapolis of 9950 t (g), 7 class Astoria (h), 9 class Brooklyn (i), 2 class Pensacola of 9100 t, 6 class Northampton of 9050 t (f) and 10 class Omaha of 7050 t

Destroyers: 5 class Somers of 1850 t, 8 class Porter between 1805 and 1850 t, about 60 of the classes Benson and Livermore, 12 class Sims of 1570 t, 22 class Craven of 1500 t, 18 class Mahan between 1450 and 1500 t, 8 class Farragut between 1345 and 1395 t, and 31 class "Flush deck" between 1090 and 1190 t

Submarines: 2 class M, 10 class P, 19 class R (m), 38 of the old class S (m), 19 of the new class S, 12 class T, 1 class Argonaut, 3 class Barracuda, 2 class Cachalot, 1 class Dolphin and 2 class Narwhal, with a total of 106 units

(a) Arizona of 32600 t.
(b) Mississippi of 33000 t.
(c) All of the American battleships, with the exception of the two California class, had entered service between 1912 and 1919, however being modernized between 1925 and 1941.
(d) Entered service in 1922 and transformed into seaplane carrier in 1937.
(e) From 1942, United States, adequating itself to the necessities of the moment and, above all, to a more modern concept of naval warfare, built new classes of aircraft carriers, the escort aircraft carriers, which ensured sufficient maritime protection in the operation zones, and which distinguished themselves, however, from the attack aircraft carriers, true floating airbases, able to launch against the enemy, from each of them, dozens of aircraft.
(f) Chester of 9200 t and Chicago of 9300 t.
(g) Portland of 9800 t.
(h) Quincy of 9375 t, Vincennes of 9400 t and Tuscaloosa of 9975 t.
(i) Brooklyn and Philadelphia of 9700 t, Savannah and Nashville of 9475 t, Helena, Boise, Phoenix and St. Louis of 10000 t and Honolulu of 9650 t.
(l) This aproximated number refers to the units in service before the war. Each unit displaced between 1620 and 1630 t.
(m) Old units in service from soon after the First World War and of little military value, specially the R class.

United States 1942 - Aviation

Fighter aircraft: Seversky P-35, Curtiss P-36 and P-40, Grumman F4F (a), Bell P-39, Brewster F2A and Lockheed P-38

Bomber aircraft: Douglas SBD (b), TBD (c) and A-20, North American B-25, Consolidated B-24 and Boeing B-17

Reconnaissance aircraft: Lockheed A-28 and PV-1 (d), Vought OS2U (a), Consolidated PBY (e) and PB2Y (e), North American AT-6 (f), Grumman J2F (g), Piper L-4 (h), Republic P-43, Martin PBM (e) and Cessna AT-17 (f)

Transport aircraft: Lockheed C-56 and Douglas C-47

(a) Embarked.
(b) Embarked dive bomber.
(c) Embarked torpedo bomber.
(d) Reconnaissance bomber aircraft.
(e) Seaplane.
(f) Training aircraft.
(g) Liaison seaplane.
(h) Liaison aircraft.

Armed forces in World War Two - United States

Armed forces (equipment) of United States in 1942.

United States 1945 update - Army

Individual weapons - Submachine guns: M3 and M3A1, both of caliber 9 mm

Automatic weapons - Machine guns: M 1919 A6 caliber 7.62 mm and Browning M2 HB caliber 12.7 mm (a)

Mortars: Model of 81 mm lightened

Cannons: Recoilless cannons of 57 and 75 mm, cannons of 105 (b) and 203 mm, howitzers of 203 and 240 mm

Armored vehicles: Light tanks M5 of 14.9 t and M24 of 17.9 t; medium tank M4 of 30 t; heavy tank M26 of 41.7 t; self-propelled howitzers M8 of 75 mm, M7 of 105 mm and T92 of 240 mm; self-propelled cannons M10 of 76 mm (c), M18 of 76 mm (c), M36 of 90 mm (c), M12 of 155 mm, M40 of 155 mm and T93 of 203 mm

Chemical weapons - Flamethrowers: Portable models E4R2-5R1, E4R3-5R1 and E6-R1; model E7-7 for armored vehicles

(a) In two versions, antiaircraft and for armored vehicles.
(b) Antiaircraft.
(c) Antitank.

United States 1945 update - Navy

Battleships: 4 class Iowa of 45000 t, 4 class South Dakota of 35000 t and 2 class North Carolina of 35000 t

Aircraft carriers (attack): 15 class Essex of 27000 t, Hornet of 20000 t and 9 class Independence of 11000 t

Aircraft carriers (escort): 4 class Sangamon of 11400 t, Long Island of 11300 t, Charger of 11000 t, 4 class Commencement Bay of 10900 t (a), 11 class Bogue of 9800 t and 50 class Casablanca of 7800 t

Cruisers (heavy): 2 class Alaska of 27500 t and 10 class Baltimore of 13600 t

Cruisers (light): 22 class Cleveland of 10000 t, 4 class Atlanta of 6000 t and 4 class Oakland of 6000 t

Destroyers: 13 class Gearing of 2425 t, 58 class Allen Summer of 2200 t, 175 class Fletcher of 2050 t, 36 between the classes Benson and Livermore of 1620 to 1630 t and 423 escort destroyers between 1140 and 1400 t

Submarines: 20 class Tench of 1570/2415 t and 183 class Gato of 1525/2415 t

(a) Not all of these units were of new construction, but obtained by adapting existing mercantile units.

United States 1945 update - Aviation

Fighter aircraft: North American P-51, Vought F4U (a), Grumman F6F, Republic P-47, Bell P-59 (d) and P-63 (b), and Northrop P-61 (c)

Bomber aircraft: Martin Baltimore, Vultee A 35 (e), Martin B-26, Grumman TBF (f), Douglas A 20 and A 26, Curtiss SB2C (g), and Boeing B-29

Reconnaissance aircraft: Stinton L5 (h), Beech UC 43 (h), Lockheed PV2, Curtiss SCI (i) and Consolidated PB4Y

Transport aircraft: Beech C-45, Douglas C-54, Curtiss C-46 and Lockheed C-69

(a) Embarked.
(b) Used only in North America for training.
(c) Night fighter.
(d) Turbojet, never used in operations.
(e) Dive bomber, used only for training.
(f) Embarked torpedo bomber.
(g) Embarked dive bomber.
(h) Liaison aircraft.
(i) Embarked seaplane.

Armed forces in World War Two - United States

Armed forces (equipment) of United States in 1945 (update).

Categories: Statistics - World War Two - 20th Century - [General] - [General]

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Website: Military History

Article submitted: 2015-10-10


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