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Armed forces in World War Two - Russia


By Sakhal

Russia 1941 - Army

Individual weapons - Pistols and revolvers: Pistols Tokarev TT 1930 and TT 1933 caliber 7.62 mm, and TT 34 caliber 5.56 mm; revolver Nagant 1895 caliber 7.62 mm
Individual weapons - Rifles: Mosin Nagant Model 1891, 1891/1930, 1910 and 1939, all of caliber 7.62 mm
Individual weapons - Hand grenades: Model 1941/30 (defensive and offensive), Model 1933 F1 (defensive), VGD 1930 (for rifle), VGPS 1941 (antitank for rifle) and RPG 40 (antitank)

Automatic weapons - Submachine guns: PPD 1934/38, PPD 1940 and PPSh 1941, all of caliber 7.62 mm
Automatic weapons - Automatic and semiautomatic rifles: SVT 1938, SVT 1940 long and SVT 1940 short, all of caliber 7.62 mm and semiautomatic; AVS 1936 and AVS 1940, of caliber 7.62 mm and automatic
Automatic weapons - Machine guns: PM 1910, DP 1928, DT 1929 (a), DS 1939 and ShKAS (b), all of caliber 7.62 mm; DShK and UB (b) caliber 12.7 mm

Mortars: Mortar of 37 mm; Models 38, 39, 40 and 41, all of caliber 50 mm; BM 82, Models 36, 37 and 41, all of 82 mm; PM 120 of 120 mm

Antitank weapons - Light: Models 1938 and 1938 modified, caliber 12.7 mm; Models PTRS 1941 and PTRD 1941, caliber 14.5 mm
Antitank weapons - Heavy: Cannons of 57 and 76.2 mm
Antitank weapons - Motorized: SU-37 of 37 mm, SU-45 of 45 mm, SU-57 of 57 mm, SU-8 of 76 mm and SU-5-1 of 76.2 mm

Artillery - Cannons: Howitzers of 122, 152, 203 and 305 mm; cannons of 45 (d), 57 (d), 75 (c), 76, 76.2, 76.2 (d), 85 (c), 122, 130 and 152 mm
Artillery - Rockets: BM-8 and BM-13 of 132 mm (e)

Armored vehicles - Light: T-26 of 9 t, T-27 of 1.5 t, T-37 of 3.1 t (g), T-38 of 2.9 t (g), T-41 of 3.2 t (g), T-46 of 9.25 t, T-50 of 12 t, OT-130 and OT-133 of 8.5 t (f)
Armored vehicles - Medium: BT-2 of 9.9 t, BT-3 and BT-4 of 9.2 t, BT-5 of 10.4 t, BT-7 of 12.5 t, T-28 of 26.8 t, T-32 of 17.2 t, T-34/76A of 26.3 t and T-34/76B of 28 t
Armored vehicles - Heavy: T-32 of 40.6 t, T-35 of 40.8 t, KV-1 of 43.5 t, KV-2A of 52 t and KV-2B of 51.7 t
Armored vehicles - Motorized artillery: SU-5-2 of 122 mm (howitzer), SU-5-3 of 122 mm (cannon), SU-6 of 152 mm, SU-14-Br2 of 152 mm and SU-100-Y of 130 mm

Chemical weapons - Flamethrowers: OT 26, OT 130 and OT 133

(a) Type for armored vehicles.
(b) Type for aircraft.
(c) Antiaircraft.
(d) Antitank.
(e) Heavy motorized rocket launcher.
(f) Flamethrower.
(g) Amphibious.

Russia 1941 - Navy

Battleships: Oktiabrskaja Revolutsija (a) and Parizhskaja Kommuna (b) of 26690 t and Marat (c) of 26170 t

Cruisers: 1 class Barrikada (d) of 9655 t, 1 class Kirov of 8800 t, 1 class Maksim Gorky of 8972 t, 1 class Krasnij Kavkaz (e) of 8030 t, 1 class Krasnij Krim (e) and 1 class Chervonaja Ukraina (e) of 6937 t, 1 class Komintern (h) of 6338 t, 1 class Marti (i) of 5664 t, 1 class Aurora (j) of 5622 t, 1 class 25 Oktiabrja (m), 1 class Tashkent (n) of 3200 t and 1 class Baku of 2582 t

Destroyers: 2 class Storozhevoj of 2246 t, 2 class Karl Marx of 2200 t, 18 class Bodry of 2039 t, 1 class Yacov Sverdlov of 1801 t, 4 class Dzerzinski (o) of 1700 t, 3 class Karl Liebknecht (p) of 1620 t, 5 class Artem (q) of 1800 t and 1 class Frunze of 1300 t

Torpedo ships: 6 class Taifun of 580 t, 12 class Shtorm of 560 t, 2 class Smeul (ex Romanian) (r) of 262 t and 4 class Dersky (ex Bulgarian) (s) of 97 t

Gunboats: 14 units of recent construction plus 94 gun motorboats of several types, including 9 obsolete units

Submarines (oceanic): 57 units of the classes L55 (ex British), D (series I), L (series II, XI, and XIII), P (series IV), S and K, with a total of 214 units

Submarines (coastal): 157 units of the classes AG, Shch (series III, V, V bis 1, V bis 2, X and X bis), M (series VI, VI bis, XII and XII bis), 2 ex Estonian and 2 ex Lithuanian

(a) Ex Gangut, in service in 1915 and modernized in 1934.
(b) Ex Sebastopol, in service in 1914 and modernized in 1925.
(c) Ex Petropavlovsk, in service in 1915 and modernized in 1931.
(d) Ex Piotr Veliky, ex Kreiser, built in 1872, deposit of mines.
(e) Built in the early 1920s.
(h) Built in 1905, used as school ship.
(i) Built in 1896, minelayer.
(j) Built in 1902, used as school ship.
(m) Built in 1873, minelayer.
(n) Built in Italy and delivered in May 1936.
(o) Built between 1918 and 1925.
(p) Built between 1916 and 1928.
(q) Built between 1915 and 1916.
(r) Built in 1915.
(s) Built in 1905.

Russia 1941 - Aviation

Fighter aircraft: I-15 (a), I-16 (a), I-17, I-28, MiG-1, MiG-3 and LaGG-3

Bomber aircraft: Su-2 (d), Yak-4 (d), Pe-2 (d), SB-2 (e), Il-4 (f) and Pe-8 (f)

Reconnaissance aircraft: Po-2 (b), MBR-2 (c), MDR-6 (c) and ARK-3 (c)

Transport aircraft: TB-3 (g) and PS-35

(a) Outdated types, operative only in the first months of the war.
(b) Training biplane.
(c) Seaplane.
(d) Assault aircraft.
(e) Mid-range bomber.
(f) Long-range bomber.
(g) Outdated bomber, adapted to transport, used mainly for dropping paratroopers.

Armed forces in World War Two - Russia

Armed forces (equipment) of Russia in 1941.

Russia 1943 update - Army

Individual weapons - Hand grenades: RG 1941 (a), RTD 1942 (a) and RPG 1943 (b)

Automatic weapons - Submachine guns: PPSh 1943 caliber 7.62 mm
Automatic weapons - Machine guns: SG 1943 caliber 7.62 mm

Mortars: M 1943 of 82 and 160 mm

Antitank weapons - Cannons: Model 42 of 45 mm and Model 43 of 57 mm
Antitank weapons - Self-propelled: SU-76 and SU-76M of 76.2 mm, SU-761 of 76.2 mm (c) and SU-152 of 152 mm

Cannons: Two models of 76 mm and howitzers of 152 mm

Armored vehicles: Light tanks T-40 of 4.99 t (d), T-50 of 12.54 t, T-60 of 5.21 t and T-70 of 8.21 t; medium tanks T-34/76 in versions C, D and E, all of 31 t, and T-43 of 28.11 t; heavy tanks KV-1B of 47.5-48 t (e), KV-1S of 38.55 t and KV-85 of 41.72 t

Chemical weapons - Flamethrowers: ATO 41 and ATO 42

(a) Offensive and defensive.
(b) Antitank.
(c) Obtained by rearming with the 76.2 mm antitank cannon the hulls of the tank destroyers StuG III captured to the Germans.
(d) Amphibious.
(e) Depending wether they are of the type with riveted or cast turret.

NOTE: Not included the American materials obtained from the Lend and Lease Law.

Russia 1943 update - Navy

Cruisers: Voroshilov of 11500 t; Molotov, Kalinin and Kaganovich of 2972 t (a)

Destroyers: 1 class Ognyevoi of 2650 t, 16 class Storozhevoi of 2446 t, 11 class Bodry of 2039 t and 1 class Opitny of 1870 t (b)

Gunboats: 6 units obtained from the conversion of mercantile units, and about 100 gun motorboats of several types and diverse construction

Submarines: 2 class K series XVI of 840/1070 t (c), 5 class L series XIII bis of 1108/1400 t, 21 class M (19 series XII bis of 205.5/256 t and 2 series XV of 281/351 t), 9 class S (3 series IX and 6 series IX bis, all of 840/1070 t) and 6 class Shch series X bis of 590/705 t

(a) Not included units such as the class Frunze which, having being put in shipyard in 1938-40, was not finished before 1949-50.
(b) Not included the 13 ex American units obtained as war support.
(c) Not included the four submarines granted by the Allies of which cannot be assured that they entered service before the 8th September 1943.

Russia 1943 update - Aviation

Fighter aircraft: Yak-1 and Yak-9, MiG-5, La-5 and La-7

Bomber aircraft: Il-2 (assault aircraft) and Tu-2

Armed forces in World War Two - Russia

Armed forces (equipment) of Russia in 1943 (update).

Russia 1945 update - Introduction

The development of the Soviet Armed Forces, in the timespan from September 1943 to the end of the war, was influenced mainly by two factors: the theater of operations (of totally terrestrial nature) and the possibility of receiving from the Allies a great amount of supplies of any kind. This special situation would cause military technology to be developed only in certain sectors: for example, in the aeronautical field, where good results were achieved, mainly in fighter and strike aircraft, whereas importance was never given to some branches, such as the one of torpedo bombers. The king sector, however, was the one of armored means in every form: assault tanks, escort tanks, antitanks and troop transports. The Navy enjoyed lesser attention. Between 1943 and 1945 only one submarine of national construction entered service. The other ships that were in the docks were sabotaged, dynamited or abandoned, to be later retaken the construction in the years after the conflict. The only units that entered service were, apart from some torpedo ships and submarines captured to the Italians and Romanians, some units provided by the Allies, among which stand out a battleship and a cruiser. However, the Soviet military technology did not fall asleep, as it would be later seen in the huge increment of military production, which in the postwar would raise Russia to the level of the American colossus. Projectists and technicians would be able to exploit the knowledge acquired with the study of the Allied weapons, and the first results of these investigations (not always carried on the sunlight) would be soon seen in the Korean War.

Russia 1945 update - Army

Individual weapons - Rifles: Mosin Nagant Model 1944 caliber 7.62 mm

Automatic weapons - Machine guns: DPM 1944 caliber 7.62 mm and DTM 1944 caliber 7.62 mm (a)

Mortars: M 1943 of 82 and 160 mm

Antitank weapons - Cannons: Model 1944 caliber 100 mm
Antitank weapons - Self-propelled: SU-122 of 122 mm, SU-100 of 100 mm, SU-85 of 85 mm, ISU-122 of 122 mm and ISU 152 of 152 mm

Cannons: M 1944 of 85 mm (b), D-10S M 1944 of 100 mm and A-19 M 1944 of 122 mm

Armored vehicles: Light tank T-80 of 10.52 t; medium tanks T-34/85 I and II of 32 t and T-44 of 32 t; heavy tanks IS-1 (c), IS-2 of 40.81 t and IS-3 of 41.54 t; antiaircraft tanks SU-37-1 and SU-37-2 of 37 mm

(a) For use in tanks.
(b) Both antiaircraft and antitank versions existed of this caliber.
(c) Initially of 39.91 t and later of 40.36 t due to the substitution of the 85 mm cannon for a 122 mm one.

NOTE: In the list of weapons have not been considered the supplies received from United States and Britain, which provided the exhaust Red Army with individual weapons, radio devices, aircraft, tanks and vehicles. However, it is proper to recognize that, from a certain moment, the Soviet war industry, already without the pressure of an enemy at the gates of Moscow, started to produce in large scale excellent equipment which, along with more rustic but reliable elements, properly experimented during the two first years of war, constituted a warlike potential that was fearsome even for a technologically advanced Army such as the German one. It is considered, however, that many armaments were integrally copied by the Russian technicians from the already existing Allied equipment. This, of course, would never be admitted, due to the Soviet tendency of attributing to the Russian wit the paternity of all the well done technical functional applications.

Russia 1945 update - Navy

Battleships: Arkangelsk of 32500 t (a)

Cruisers: Murmansk of 9150 t (b)

Submarines: 1 class S of 840/1070 t (c)

(a) ex British Royal Sovereign, obtained in 1944.
(b) ex American Milwaukee, obtained in 1944.
(c) Launched, but not entering service until past the war.

Russia 1945 update - Aviation

Fighter aircraft: Yak-3 and MiG-7

Bomber aircraft: Il-10 (assault aircraft)

NOTE: Not included in the list of flight materials the Allied aircraft that flew with distinctives of the Soviet Aviation, such as several B-25 Mitchell or the Bell Airacobra and Kingcobra of American manufacture, or the Hurricane and Spitfire (to mention some examples) of British manufacture.

Armed forces in World War Two - Russia

Armed forces (equipment) of Russia in 1945 (update).

Categories: Statistics - World War Two - 20th Century - [General] - [General]

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Website: Military History

Article submitted: 2015-10-11


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