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Armed forces in World War Two - Germany


By Sakhal

Germany 1939 - Army

Individual weapons - Pistols: P08 Luger caliber 9 mm, Walther M34 caliber 7.65 mm and Mauser C96 caliber 7.63 mm
Individual weapons - Rifles: Mauser K98 in models 98a, 98b and 98k, all of caliber 7.92 mm
Individual weapons - Hand grenades: Stielhandgranate (of long handle) model 24 and Eierhandgranate 39 (egg-shaped)

Automatic weapons - Submachine guns: MP18 and MP34 Bergmann, MP28 and MP38 Schmeisser, MP34 Erma and Steir-Solothurn, all of caliber 9 mm
Automatic weapons - Automatic rifles: MG26 (ex ZB26 of Czechoslovak production) caliber 7.92 mm
Automatic weapons - Machine guns: MG13 Dreyse, MG08/15 Maxim, MG15 and SMG08, all of caliber 7.92 mm

Mortars: Granatenwerfer 34 of 81 mm and Granatenwerfer 36 of 50 mm

Antitank weapons - Light: Antitank carbine Pzb 38 caliber 7.92 mm, machine gun Pak 20 mm and cannons Pak 37 mm
Antitank weapons - Heavy: See cannons section
Antitank weapons - Motorized: At the outbreak of the war there were no series motorized pieces in service

Cannons: Howitzers of 75 and 105 mm, cannons of 75, 105 and 155 mm, dual-purpose cannons (antitank and antiaircraft) Flak 18 and Flak 36/37

Armored vehicles: Pzkpfw I, II, III, IV, Mk 35 and Mk 38 (ex Czechoslovak LT35 and LT38) and heavy tanks NF-A, with a total of 2886 light tanks, 309 medium tanks and 5 heavy tanks

Chemical weapons - Flamethrowers: Flammenwerfer 35
Chemical weapons - Smoke: Nbw 35 (smoke mortar)

ABBREVIATURES:
Pzkpfw - Panzerkampfwagen - armored combat vehicle.
Pak - Panzerabwehrkanone - antitank cannon.
Flak - Fliegerabwehrkanone - antiaircraft cannon.

NOTE: The situation of weaponry of the German Army is given with date of 1 September 1939.

Germany 1939 - Navy

Battleships: Tirpitz of 52600 t, Bismarck of 50153 t, Schlesien and Schlewig Holstein (a) of 14900 t

Pocket battleships: Admiral Graf Spee and Admiral Scheer of 16200 t, Deutschland (b) of 11700 t

Aircraft carriers: Graf Zeppelin (c) of 32600 t

Battlecruisers: Gneisenau and Scharnhorst of 38900 t

Heavy cruisers: Prinz Eugen and Seydlitz of 18400 t, Admiral Hipper and Blucher of 16000 t

Light cruisers: Karlsruhe, Koln and Konigsberg of 8130 t, Nurnberg of 6980 t, Emden of 6900 t and Leipzig of 6170 t

Destroyers: 5 units class 36 of 3415 t and 16 units class 34 of 3150 t

Torpedo boats: 6 units class 23 of 1920 t, 6 units class 24 of 1320 t, 1 unit class 37 of 1098 t and 12 units class 35 of 1088 t

Corvettes: 10 units of 1028 t

Submarines: 65 units of which 10 between 1051/1178 and 1032/1153 t, 23 between 625/745 and 862/983 t and 32 between 254/303 and 291/341 t

(a) Used as school ship.
(b) Rebaptized as Lutzow in 1940.
(c) Started in 1938, it was suspended its construction in 1940, and retaken with some modifications from the original in 1942, to be definitely abandoned in 1943.

NOTE: Among the mentioned units have not been included lesser or support units, such as small torpedo boats, minesweepers or transports.

Germany 1939 - Aviation

Fighter aircraft: Messerschmitt Bf 109 and Bf 110, Fiat CR 32 (a) and Arado 68

Bomber aircraft: Junkers 86, 87 (dive bomber) and 88, Heinkel 111, Dornier 17 and Henschel 123

Reconnaissance aircraft: Dornier 17, Heinkel 126, 45 and 46 at the disposal of the Army; Dornier 18, Heinkel 115, Blohm and Voss 138, Arado 196, Heinkel 59 and 60 at the disposal of the Navy; Focke Wulf 200 (b) and Fieseler 156

Transport aircraft: Junkers 52 and Tupolev SB2 (c)

(a) In service in the Austrian aviation and incorporated to the Luftwaffe after the Anschluss.
(b) For long-range maritime reconnaissance, convoy escort and antiship/antisubmarine hunt.
(c) Taken from Czechoslovakia after the annexation of Bohemia and Moravia, and used for training or target towing.

Armed forces in World War Two - Germany

Armed forces (equipment) of Germany in 1939.

Germany 1943 update - Army

Individual weapons - Pistols: Walther P 38 caliber 9 mm and Mauser HSc caliber 7.65 mm
Individual weapons - Rifles: Models 33/40, 40 K and 98/40, all of caliber 7.92 mm

Automatic weapons - Submachine guns: MP 40, MP 40/II and MP 41, all of caliber 9 mm
Automatic weapons - Machine guns: Madsen caliber 8 mm, MG 34, MG 34/S, MG 34/41 and MG 42, all of caliber 7.92 mm
Automatic weapons - Automatic and semiautomatic rifles: G 41 Mauser and Walther caliber 7.92 mm (a), G 43 Walther caliber 7.92 mm (a); FG 42, MKb 42 Haenel and MKb 42 Walther, all of caliber 7.92 mm (b)

Mortars: Granatenwerfer 42 of 80 mm and successively a model of 120 mm

Antitank weapons - Rockets: Panzerfaust 30 (c), Panzerbuchse 54 (d), Raketenwerfer 43 of 88 mm (e)
Antitank weapons - Light: Panzerbuchse 39 of 7.92 mm and 41 of 28 mm, Granatbuchse 39 of 7.92 mm
Antitank weapons - Cannons: Models 35/36 of 37 mm, 38 of 50 mm, 40 of 75 mm, 41 of 42 and 75 mm, 43 of 88 mm and 50 of 75 mm(f)
Antitank weapons - Self-propelled: SdKfz 250/11 of 28 mm (g), 221 of 28 mm (h), 251/10 of 28 and 37 mm (g), 101 of 47 mm (i), 139 of 76.2 mm (i) , 138 of 75 mm (i), 131 of 75 mm (i), 138 of 75 mm (j), 135 of 75 mm (i), RSO of 75 mm (i), 132 of 76.2 mm (i), 6 of 76.2 mm (g), 164 of 88 mm (i) and 184 of 88 mm (i)

Cannons: Models K 18 of 170 mm and 39 of 210 mm; howitzers of 540 and 600 mm (m)

Armored vehicles: PzKpfw V "Panther" of 44.8 t, PzKpfw VI "Tiger" of 56 t and Sturmgeschutz III of 23.9 t

Chemical weapons - Flamethrowers: Models 41 and 42

(a) Semiautomatic.
(b) These three with possibility of selective fire (automatic or semiautomatic); among the portable weapons were not considered the MAB 38 and 38/42 of Italian manufacture, acquired in considerable quantity by the Wehrmacht.
(c) Individual.
(d) Operated by two persons.
(e) Anti-tank carbine adapted to fire rocket projectiles.
(f) Not considered here the excellent anti-tank weapons Pak 97/38 of 75 mm and Pak 36 of 76.2 mm, of French and Russian origin, respectively.
(g) Half-track.
(h) On wheeled armored vehicle.
(i) On tank hull.
(j) Derived from the preceding SdKfz 138, on modified hull.
(m) Self-propelled siege mortar.

NOTE: This update list includes only those materials of German manufacture, apart from the MAB and the Pak, mentioned due to their importance. For the four nations indicated in these articles for the 1943 update (Britain, Germany, Italy and Russia), the update refers to the material that entered operative service until the 8th September 1943, date of the Italian Armistice.

Germany 1943 update - Navy

Destroyers: 1 Type 36 of 3415 t, 8 Type 36A of 3605 t (a), 7 Type 36A (b) and 4 Type 36B of 3507 t

Torpedo boats: 3 Type 37 of 1098 t and 11 Type 39 of 1754 t

Submarines: 708 units of the following types: 2 Type IIB (279/329 t), 2 Type IIC (291/341 t), 16 Type IID (314/364 t), 26 Type VIIB (753/857 t), 329 Type VIIC (768/871 t), 6 Type VIID (965/1080 t), 4 Type VIIF (1084/1181 t), 40 Type IXB (1051/1178 t), 60 Type IXC (1120/1232 t), 42 Type IXC (1144/1274 t), 2 Type IXD (1610/1799 t), 34 Type IXD (1616/1804 t), 7 Type IXB (1736/2177 t) and 138 Type XIV (1668/1932 t) (c)

(a) Except two units (Z-29 and Z-30) of 3597 t.
(b) This was the modified Type 36A of 3597 t.
(c) Have not been considered the ships whose date of entry into service was not, undoubtedly, previous to the 8th September 1943.

Germany 1943 update - Aviation

Fighter aircraft: Focke-Wulf 190, Heinkel 219 (a), Dornier 217J (a) and 217N (a), Messerschmitt 410 (b)

Bomber aircraft: Focke-Wulf 200 (c), Dornier 217, Heinkel 177, Henschel 129 (d)

Reconnaissance aircraft: Focke-Wulf 189, Arado 231 (e) and 240, Blohm und Voss 138 (e) and 141

Transport aircraft: Dornier 24 (f), Arado 232, Junkers 290 (g), Messerschmitt 323, Blohm und Voss 222 (h)

(a) Night heavy fighter.
(b) Fighter-bomber.
(c) Of long range, used for anti-submarine war.
(d) Ground-strike aircraft.
(e) Seaplane.
(f) Rescue seaplane.
(g) Transport/reconnaissance.
(h) Transport/reconnaissance seaplane.

Armed forces in World War Two - Germany

Armed forces (equipment) of Germany in 1943 (update).

Germany 1945 update - Army

Individual weapons - Rifles: K 43, VG 1 (a) and VK 98 (a), all of caliber 7.92 mm

Automatic weapons - Submachine guns: MP 3008 (b) and EMP 44, both of caliber 9 mm
Automatic weapons - Automatic and semiautomatic rifles: VG 1-5 (c), MP 43 (d)(e), MP 43/41 (d)(e), MP 44 (d)(e), StG 44 (d)(e) and StG 45 (d)(e)

Antitank weapons - Rockets: Panzerbuchse 54/1, Gretchen, Panzerfaust 60 and 100
Antitank weapons - Cannons: Pak 44 K and R, both of 128 mm
Antitank weapons - Self-propelled: SdKfz 234/4 of 75 mm (f), PzJag RSO of 75 mm (g), GW FCM of 75 mm (h), SdKfz 251/22 of 75 mm (i), SdKfz 132 of 76.2 mm (g), T 26 C of 75 mm (r)(j), SdKfz 164 of 88 mm (g), SdKfz 173 of 88 mm (k), SdKfz 186 of 128 mm (l) and Grille of 88 mm (m)

Cannons: LG 40 of 75 mm (n), LG 42 of 105 mm (n), LG 240 of 150 mm (n) and Flak 40 of 128 mm

Armored vehicles: Sturmgeschutz IV of 23 t (n), Sturmpanzer IV of 28.2 t (o), Jagdpanzer IV of 25.8 t (p), PzKpfw VI Tiger II of 69 t, Maus of 188 t (q) and E 100 of 140 t (q); several anti-aircraft tanks constituted by weapons mounted on PzKpfw IV hulls

(a) Emergency weapons built for the Volkssturm with recycled materials.
(b) Denominated Gerat Potsdam, copy of the British Sten.
(c) Semiautomatic.
(d) Fitted with selective fire.
(e) Assault rifle.
(f) Wheeled vehicle.
(g) Tracked vehicle.
(h) On the hull of the French tank FCM.
(i) Half-track vehicle.
(j) Tracked vehicle, captured to the Russians.
(k) On the hull of the Panther tank.
(l) On the hull of the Tiger II tank.
(m) On the hull of the Pz 38 (t) tank.
(n) Recoilless.
(o) 150 mm assault howitzer.
(p) Self-propelled tank destroyer.
(q) Only as prototype.

NOTE: This update does not mention the ballistic weapons and the remote-controlled rocket weapons, which are exhaustively mentioned in diverse articles published in this website. Neither are mentioned the diverse types of rocket launchers, due to the large number of them that was developed.

Germany 1945 update - Navy

Torpedo boats: 4 Type 39 of 1754 t and 8 Type 41 of 2155 t

Submarines: 500 units of the following types: 136 Type VIIC (768/871 t), 43 Type VIIC (769/871 t), 22 Type IXD (1120/1232 t), 6 Type IXC (1144/1272 t), 62 Type IXD (1616/1804 t), 1 Type IXB (1763/2177 t), 19 Type XIIG (1600/? t), 9 Type XVII (a), 3 Type XVIIB (212/337 t), 145 Type XXI (1671/1819 t), 58 Type XXIII (234/258 t), 3 Type XXVIIA of 11.75 t (b), 5 Type XXVIIB of 15 t (b); 824 pocket units of the following types: 200 Neger of 5 t, 300 Marder of 5 t and 324 Biber of 6.25 t

(a) Developed in two models: one built by Blohm und Voss (313/342 t) and other built by Germania Werft (236/259 t).
(b) Intermediate type between the pocket and the coastal type, similar to the Italian CB, with a crew of two.

NOTE: Were not taken into account the Italian submarines captured by the Germans after the 8th September 1943, nor the submarines of experimental type, but only those that had an effective operative usage.

Germany 1945 update - Aviation

Fighter aircraft: Messerschmitt 163 (a) and 262 (b)(c), Dornier 335, Heinkel 162 (b), Focke-Wulf 152 and Bachem 349 (a)(d)

Bomber aircraft: Junkers 188 and Arado 234 (a)

Reconnaissance aircraft: Junkers 388

Transport aircraft: Junkers 352

(a) Rocket-propelled.
(b) Turbojet-propelled.
(c) Polyvalent fighter.
(d) Only as prototype.

Armed forces in World War Two - Germany

Armed forces (equipment) of Germany in 1945 (update).



Article updated: 2015-08-27

Categories: Statistics - World War Two - 20th Century - [General] - [General]

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Website: Military History

Article submitted: 2015-08-27


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